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 Александров Александр Данилович (1912-1999) Alexandrov Alexander Danilovich (1912-1999) - Leningrad. He was born in Volyn village of Ryazan province, in a patrimonial estate. The Soviet mathematician, the largest geometer of XXth century, academician of the Academy of sciences of the USSR (1964), a member of the CPSU from 1951. In 1952-1964 he was a rector of the Leningrad State University. The winner of the State premium of the USSR (1942), the International Lobachevsky premium (1951). He was awarded with Lenin's medal, etc. His basic scientific achievements concern geometry of surfaces where he opened methods of figures metric properties studying. These researches generated a new object, irregular metric varieties more general than Ryman spaces. These methods essentially expanded an area of geometrical researches and led to decision of some classical problems of the surfaces theory, and also these were important applications of the differential equations theory and theories of elastic environments. He was the founder of chronogeometry, and also the author of original works about the bases of the relativity theory, of philosophy of a science and the founder of remarkable textbooks on geometry for high school. In 1929 he entered on Physical faculty of the Leningrad State University where he acquainted with an outstanding mathematician, member-correspondent of the Academy of sciences of the USSR, the initiator of the Soviet climbeing B.N. Delone who carried him away with mathematics and mountains. The first trip to mountains was in 1932, he made his first climbing on Sofrudzhu Peak in Caucasus. In 1933 he was the first who climbed at Small Dombai and Big Hatipary Peaks on a new way. It was not the obstacle that he couldn’t define a distance to the nearest ledge or crack since a youth when he lost a binocular sight. In 1934 he was a trainer; in the same year as a member of university group (6 persons) he climbed at Sugan Peak in Caucasus. In 1936 he was first who climbed Goldor Peak in Caucasus, Digorija together with V. Ivanov. A.D. Alexandrov wrote about this summer: «I recollect the summer of 1936 especially because it was impregnated with a freedom».  In 1937 the AD (so named by friends) became a Doctor of Sciences and in the summer he made the first climbing on Chotchi Peak together with I. Chashnikov, and he carried out a rise on Bu-Ulgen Peak along its western wall (one of the first Soviet wall climbings) with K. Piskarev. Climbings of 1937 made Alexandrov a number of the strongest climbers of Leningrad. In 1940 he participated an outstanding traverse of two tops of Ushba Peak in group with V. Budanov (a leader), A. Gromov and M. Potapova. Alexandrov performed the Master rank with this traverse, but rank was appropriated only in 1949. During the Second World War when the set to mountain armies to Caucasus was declared, he submitted the application in a military registration (as a climber with great Caucasian experience), but was refused. He was specified that he is more useful in a rear reserve as the doctor of sciences, the mathematician. Right after the War the AD continued his mountain employment. From 1946 he climbed, worked as a trainer in the climbing camp «Alibek». Some next years he worked there as a trainer and climbed. In 1950 he participated in a traverse of Svetgar Mountain array thus confirmed his Master of the USSR rank. In 1952 Alexanders became a rector of the Leningrad State University and the University climbing club becomes more active with his support. In 1958 the scientifically-sport expedition on searches of "yeti" and to legendary cave Mata-tash was organized under initiative of Alexandrov. In 1960-1968 he took part in scientifically-sports expeditions of the Leningrad State University to Pamir. In 1960 - Peak of the Soviet trade unions (6470 m). 1961 - Peak Nikoladze (6250 m, SW Pamir). In 1962 it was the first climbing on anonymous peak «6222» (SW Pamir) which was named Leningrad University Peak under his offer (LSU Peak). In 1964 he moved to the Academic city of Novosibirsk, then joined to the Leningrad university climbing team. Though he didn’t any significant climbings, he divided a high-mountain life with friends, creating unusually fine atmosphere of friendliness, making a positive influence on a course of expeditions. In 1972 in the day of his 60th anniversary AD climbed alone to an anonymous peak in Fanskieh Mountains. In 1982, after a ten years break, in a year of his 70-years anniversary (!), forgot about deceases and slalom traumas, at counteraction of safety service of a camp “Alla-Archa” (Tien Shan) he climbed together on Panfilov's peak with K. Tolstov. (The text was made D.A. Medvedeva, the daughter of the academician).

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